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Wednesday, February 11, 2015

Weird Diseases That You Hardly Know

Share ko lang ito . Very informative and alarming at the same time .

I got this from here Likes.com


1.) PORPHYRIA-THE VAMPIRE DISEASE

By just having a glimpse at the heading many of us may think that a patient who is affected by such a disease may transform into some kind of fang gnashing, blood-drinking supernatural creature. However this kind of transformation is only confined to the movies. Beyond the realms of Hollywood it doesn’t cause the victims to transform into a creature as described above.The Vampires disease or Porphyria which is its scientific term is a set of genetic disorders in which an important part of hemoglobin called heme is not made properly which means there is malfunction of the hemoglobin production. People suffering from it face symptoms manifested by mythological vampires. Their skin is sensitive to sunlight, their urine is reddish to purplish in colour, the gums are shrunk making the teeth look more prominent and canine-like and they have an adverse reaction to garlic. Other major symptoms include abdominal pain or cramping (only in some forms of the disease), problems with the nervous system and muscles (seizures, mental disturbances, nerve damage).

2.) PROGERIA

HGPS (Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome) or Progeria is an extremely rare, fatal genetic condition. The word Progeria comes from the Greek progeros meaning 'prematurely old'. The Greek word pro means 'before', while the word geras means 'old age'. Progeria affects children and gives them an appearance of accelerated aging. The classic type of Progeria (there are different forms) is Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS). Progeria was first described in an academic journal by Dr. Jonathan Hutchinson in 1886, and Dr. Hastings Gilford in 1897 - both in England. 


 3.)TREE BARK SKIN DISORDER

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis is also referred to as the "Tree-Man" Disease, which is an immune deficiency. It is a failed human response to the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Type 2 and is believed to stem from a genetic defect. This genetic link is important in helping scientists find a cure. Those whose immune systems are weak and cannot fight HPV are vulnerable to contracting Tree-Man Disease. Due to the extremely rare immune system deficiency, their bodies are unable to contain the warts. The virus then “hijacks the cellular machinery of their skin cells,” which makes them produce massive amounts of the substance causing tree-like growths known as “cutaneous horns." 

4.) LION FACE SYNDROME

An enlargement of the bones of the face, leading to a lionlike appearance. Osseous encroachment may cause obliteration of sinuses, blindness, and malocclusion.

5.) WEREWOLF SYNDROME

Hypertrichosis (also called Ambras Syndrome) is an abnormal amount of hair growth over the body; extensive cases of hypertrichosis have informally been called werewolf syndrome, because the appearance is similar to the werewolf. The two distinct types of hypertrichosis are generalized hypertrichosis, which occurs over the entire body, and localized hypertrichosis, which is restricted to a certain area. Hypertrichosis can be either congenital (present at birth) or acquired later in life. The excess growth of hair occurs in areas of the skin with the exception of androgen-dependent hair of the pubic area, face, and axillary regions.Several circus sideshow performers in the 19th and early 20th centuries, such as Julia Pastrana, had hypertrichosis. Many of them worked as freaks and were promoted as having distinct human and animal traits.

6.) PROTEUS SYNDROME

Proteus Syndrome is a rare overgrowth condition. The overgrowth in Proteus Syndrome can cause differences in the appearance and growth rate of various body parts. This overgrowth is also typically asymmetric, that is, it does not affect corresponding body parts similarly. The word “Proteus” comes from the name of the ancient Greek god of change; this name was chosen because the overgrowth in Proteus Syndrome can cause changes in the shapes of body structures over time.

7.) NEUROFIBROMATOSIS

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a multisystem genetic disorder that is characterized by cutaneous findings, most notably café-au-lait spots and axillary freckling, by skeletal dysplasias, and by the growth of both benign and malignant nervous system tumors, most notably benign neurofibromas.

 8.) POLYDACTYLISM

Polydactylism, or having one or more extra fingers or toes, is probably the most common abnormality of development found at birth. Polydactylism is reported in about 2 per 1000 children. The true incidence is probably even higher since simple cases are not always reported. While Polydactylism can be seen in conjunction with other birth defects, the majority of cases are not associated with any other physical abnormalities.

9.) ELEPHANTIASIS

Elephantiasis refers to a parasitic infection that causes extreme swelling in the arms and legs. The disease is caused by the filarial worm, which is transmitted form human to human via the female mosquito when it takes a blood meal. The parasite grows into an adult worm that lives in the lymphatic system of humans. Elephantiasis is typically characterized by a thickening of the skin and subcutaneous tissue that gives rise to the grossly enlarged and swollen limbs that earn the condition its name. The condition is also called lymphatic filariasis.

10.) ARGYRIA

Argyria results from prolonged contact with or ingestion of silver salts. Argyria is characterized by gray to gray-black staining of the skin and mucous membranes produced by silver deposition. Silver may be deposited in the skin either from industrial exposure or as a result of medications containing silver salts. 

11.) TRICHOTILLOMANIA

People who have Trichotillomania have an irresistible urge to pull out their hair, usually from their scalp, eyelashes, and eyebrows. Trichotillomania is a type of impulse control disorder. People with these disorders know that they can do damage by acting on the impulses, but they cannot stop themselves. They may pull out their hair when they're stressed as a way to try to soothe themselves. 

12.) CUSHING SYNDROME

Cushing Syndrome occurs when your body is exposed to high levels of the hormone cortisol for a long time. The most common cause of Cushing Syndrome, sometimes called hypercortisolism, is the use of oral corticosteroid medication. The condition can also occur when your body makes too much cortisol. Too much cortisol can produce some of the hallmark signs of Cushing Syndrome — a fatty hump between your shoulders, a rounded face, and pink or purple stretch marks on your skin. Cushing Syndrome can also result in high blood pressure, bone loss and, on occasion, diabetes.Treatments for Cushing Syndrome can return your body's cortisol production to normal and noticeably improve your symptoms. The earlier treatment begins, the better your chances for recovery.

13.) NECROTIZING FASCIITIS

Necrotizing Fasciitis is an infection caused by bacteria. It can destroy skin, fat, and the tissue covering the muscles within a very short time.The disease sometimes is called flesh-eating bacteria. When it occurs on the genitals, it is called Fournier Gangrene.Necrotizing Fasciitis is very rare but serious. About 1 out of 4 people who get this infection die from it. Many people who get Necrotizing Fasciitis are in good health before they get the infection.

14.) FIBRODYSPLASIA OSSIFICANS PROGRESSIVA

Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) is a rare genetic disorder that causes soft tissues to transform permanently into bone. These bones grow abnormally in the muscles, tendons, ligaments and other connective tissues, forming bridges of extra bone across the joints. As a result, movement in the areas affected by FOP is greatly restricted and sometimes impossible. The condition affects many areas of the body including, but not limited to, the neck, spine, chest, shoulders, elbows, wrists, hips, knees, ankles and jaw.
FOP is an autosomal dominant condition, which means that a person needs only to get the gene for FOP from one parent to inherit the disease. In most cases, however, FOP is a new mutation or an accident of nature. In fact, the parents of FOP patients typically don't have the disease. A person with FOP, however, has a 50 percent chance of passing it on to his or her child.

3 comments:

  1. Yung #5 Werewolf syndrome, di ba yun yung inspiration ng Moon of Desire? Anyway, na-stressed ako lalo na dun sa iba. Thanks for sharing.

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  2. Kakatakot at kakadiri ang mga diseases ano Beki , lalo na yung pang number 13 , parang living zombie ...

    ReplyDelete
  3. Terrible! kawawa naman mga nahawahan:(

    ReplyDelete